What Led To The Munich Agreement

On 22 September, Chamberlain, who wanted to travel to Bad Godesberg for further conversations just before his plane to Germany, told the press who met him there that „my goal is peace in Europe, I hope this journey is the way to that peace.“ [32] Chamberlain came to Cologne, where he received a big reception with a German band that played „God Save the King“ and Germans who offered flowers and gifts to Chamberlain. [32] Chamberlain had calculated that full acceptance of the German annexation of all Sudetenland without reduction would force Hitler to accept the agreement. [32] When Hitler heard, he replied, „Does this mean that the Allies have accepted the transfer of the Sudetenland to Germany?“, Chamberlain replied „Exactly,“ to which Hitler replied by shaking his head, saying that the Allies` offer was insufficient. He told Chamberlain that he wanted Czechoslovakia to be completely dissolved and its territories redistributed to Germany, Poland and Hungary, and told Chamberlain to take them or leave them. [32] Chamberlain was upset by this statement. [32] Hitler added to Chamberlain that the assassination of Germans since his last meeting, 15 Czechoslovakia, of which Hitler was part of the assassination of Germans, made the situation unbearable for Germany. [32] On 30 September at 11:45 p.m.m, 11 hours after the Czechoslovakian government had agreed to the Munich conditions, Poland issued an ultimatum to the Czechoslovakian government. [78] It demanded the immediate evacuation of Czechoslovakian troops and police and gave Prague until noon the next day. On 1 October at 11:45 a.m. .m. the Czechoslovak Foreign Ministry called the Polish ambassador in Prague to tell him that Poland could get what it wanted, but then asked for a 24-hour delay. On 2 October, the Polish army, under the command of General W. Bortnowski, annexed an area of 801.5 km2 with 227,399 inhabitants.

The attached area was divided between Frysztat County and Cieszyn County. [79] At the same time, Slovakia lost 10,390 km2 to Hungary, which has a population of 854,277. The American historian William L. Shirer estimated in his „Rise and Fall of the Third Reich“ (1960) that Czechoslovakia, although Hitler was not bluffing about its intention to invade, could have resisted considerably. Shirer believed that Britain and France had sufficient air defence to avoid severe bombing of London and Paris, and could have waged a swift and fruitful war against Germany. [66] He quotes Churchill as saying that the agreement means that „Britain and France are in a much worse position than Hitler`s Germany.“ [61] After personally inspecting the Czech fortifications, Hitler privately told Joseph Goebbels that „we shed a lot of blood“ and that it was fortunate that there had been no fighting. [67] The New York Times headline on the Munich accord was: „Hitler receives less than his claims from the Sudetenland“ and reports that a „joyful crowd“ had applauded Daladier on his return to France and that Chamberlain had been „savagely applauded“ upon his return to the United Kingdom. [54] The Munich Convention (Czech: Mnichovska dohoda; in Slovak: Mnechovska dohoda; in German: Munchner Abkommen) or Munchner Verrat (Czech: Mnichovska zrada; The Slovak: Mnechovska zrada) was an agreement reached on 30 September 1938 in Munich by Nazi Germany, the United Kingdom, the Third French Republic and the Kingdom of Italy.

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