Us Uae Nuclear Agreement

On January 15, 2009, U.S. Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice and United Arab Emirates Secretary of State Abdullah bin Zayed Al Nahyan signed for the first time, pursuant to Section 123 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, a bilateral agreement on peaceful nuclear cooperation at the end of the George W. Bush administration. After Barack Obama`s administration took office, the United States and the United Arab Emirates reopened the text to negotiations. On May 21, 2009, Assistant Secretary of State James Steinberg and UAE Ambassador to the United States Yousef Al Otaiba signed a new version of the agreement. On the same day, the Obama administration presented the proposed agreement to the US Congress, which had the opportunity to review the proposed agreement until 17 October 2009, a period of 90 days of uninterrupted session. On 26 October 2009, the Cabinet of the United Arab Emirates approved the agreement. The agreement entered into force on 17 December 2009, when governments exchanged diplomatic notes. [5] The UAE is on track to become the second country in the Middle East to produce commercial nuclear power after Iran. Officials have not publicly disclosed the companies competing for reactor construction contracts, but the UAE is considering bids from three groups of contractors: a French consortium consisting of Areva, GdF Suez and Total; a Korean group consisting of Korea Electric Power Corp and Hyundai Engineering and Construction Co; And a third was hitachi and General Electric. [74] Officials estimate that the UAE`s nuclear program is worth nearly $60 billion. [75] A number of U.S. companies participate in the UAE`s nuclear program: the agreement also stipulates that the UAE must have an additional protocol to its International Atomic Energy Agency safeguards agreement before the U.S.

issues licenses to export nuclear products to the United Arab Emirates. the protocol gives the Agency increased inspection rights; the United Arab Emirates has signed its protocol, but has not ratified it. UAE`s electricity needs: E-bikes have a critical need for new, clean and reliable sources of electricity. The national peak of electricity is expected to more than double by 2020 to 40,000 megawatts. The current promised capacity can only reach half of them. After examining all viable forms of electricity generation, the United Arab Emirates has found that nuclear energy could make an important contribution to meeting the UAE`s electricity needs. As part of a diversified portfolio of power generation units, including renewable and traditional hydrocarbon energy sources, nuclear power would free up additional UAE hydrocarbon resources for the global market, reduce the UAE`s carbon footprint, contribute to meeting the country`s sustainability requirements and provide the UAE with a high level of energy security. The United Arab Emirates is one of a number of States in the Middle East that have recently expressed interest in establishing nuclear energy programmes. [3] Independent analysts attribute the interest to a number of factors: increased energy needs, including the desalination of energy-intensive water, the desire for energy diversification, the desire to save oil and gas for export, and the complacency status of nuclear technology.

[4] The renewed interest in nuclear power has also fueled speculation that Sunni Arab governments will respond to the security threat posed by Iran`s nuclear program and the eventual development of nuclear weapons. [5] UAE officials dispute that Iran`s nuclear program influenced their decision to exploit nuclear power. According to UAE Foreign Minister Abdullah bin Zayed, „It is hard to ignore a noticeable trend among some commentators who, while acknowledging the progressive thinking embodied in UAE politics, continue to reduce the UAE`s interest in nuclear power to a mere technological marriage.

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