In Which Year Education As A Service Was Included In Gats Agreement

Ei regularly informs its affiliates of developments with the major bilateral, multilateral and regional trade and investment agreements under way. by several methods: the GATS covers four types of service delivery in cross-border trade:[3] The agreement has been criticized for having tended to replace the authority of national legislation and justice with that of an GATS dispute resolution body that conducts concluded consultations. Spokespeople for WTO government members have an obligation to reject this criticism because they had previously pledged to recognize the benefits of the dominant trade principles of competition and „liberalization. However, in recent years, more and more bilateral, multilateral and regional trade and investment agreements have been concluded outside the scope of the World Trade Organization (WTO). As in the case of the GATS, these agreements can expose the education sector to the pressure of privatization and commercialization. On the formal level, these agreements deal with trade and investment that reduce tariffs and quotas, but the main themes are regulatory cooperation and the removal of so-called „non-tariff“ barriers. As a result, these new trade and investment agreements pose potentially serious risks to education policy, to public schools and other educational institutions, as well as to teachers, students and their communities. While the overall goal of the GATS is to remove barriers to trade, members are free to decide which sectors will be progressively „liberalized“ (i.e. commercialized and privatized); What type of delivery would apply to a particular sector and to what extent this „liberalisation“ will take place over a fixed period of time. Members` obligations are governed by a ratchet effect: obligations are unilateral and cannot be terminated after resolution.

The reason for the rule is to create a stable business climate (i.e. a market). However, Article XXI allows members to withdraw their commitments and, so far, two members have made use of this option (the United States and the EU). In November 2008, Bolivia announced that it was withdrawing its health commitments. Ei believes that the TRIPS agreement serves the interests of intellectual property rights holders first and foremost. A more balanced approach to intellectual property rules is needed to ensure that the lawful use of copyrighted and patented material is not limited. In order to protect and promote access to educational materials, all countries must be able to maintain or adopt broad exceptions to education, research and library in their national copyright legislation. This definition defines virtually all public services as „commercial“ and already covers areas such as the police, the military, prisons, justice, public administration and government. In a relatively short period of time, this could apply to the privatization or commercialization of a large part, and perhaps to all those who are now considered public services that are currently considered social requirements for the entire population of a country, structured, marketed, under-distributed to for-profit suppliers and ultimately fully privatized and are only available to those who can pay the price.

This process is currently well advanced in most countries, usually (and deliberately) without properly informing the public or consulting whether this is what they want or not. The service sector classifications mentioned in the GATS are defined in the „W/120 List“[4], which contains a list of all areas that can be negotiated under the GATS. The title refers to the name of the official WTO document MTN. GNS/W/120. There are twelve service sectors (business; communication; construction and engineering; distribution; education; environment; financial; health; tourism and travel; leisure, culture and sport; transportation; and „others“ in sub-sectors. [5] Knowledge and ownership

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